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Australia holiday package
Australia holiday package

Australia is the smallest continent in the world. It is also the 6th largest country in the world, after Russia, Canada, China, USA, and Brazil.
There are over 20 million people living in Australia. Australia is divided into six states and two territories. The capital city is Canberra, which is in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).


Key Facts

More Info

Official Name

Commonwealth of Australia

Member of the British Commonwealth

Capital City



Main Cities

Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth, Hobart, Darwin.



7,682,300 sq. km



Ranges from tropical to temperate. Most of Australia is arid land or desert.

The extreme north is tropical; the southeast and southwest more mediterranean.




Ethinic Makeup

Nationals from over 140 countries. Predominantly European descent.

40% of population are immigrants or children of immigrants; 25% were born overseas.



Aboriginal and other languages are spoken at home and are available in government offices, banks, shops, etc.


Democratic Federal system comprising six states and two territories.

The states are: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia and Tasmania. The territories are the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.


240 volts

Three pronged plugs used. Adaptors needed for overseas appliances.


Australia's country code is 61.

State area codes are NSW & ACT: 02; VIC & TAS: 03; SA, WA & NT: 08; QLD: 07


Australian Dollar


Time Difference

Australia has three time zones.

Western: GMT +8 hrs Central:GMT +9.5 hrs Eastern:GMT +10hrs

Australia is an island with most of its population living around its coastline. The coastline has many beaches and reefs that are popular with surfers and divers such as the Great Barrier Reef, Bondi Beach and Surfers Paradise. The centre of Australia is mostly desert with very little water. The famous Ayres Rock or Uluru is found here and is a popular tourist attraction.
The Australian Alps are on the south-east side of Australia. The highest mountain, Mount Kosciusko is a great place to go during the summer for hiking and skiing during the winter months.
In the North of Australia you can find rainforests and warmer weather as it is close to the tropics. The Daintree Rainforest is famous for its beauty and hiking trails.
Australia has a long history of farming and crop growing. In the outback, there are many farms that grow rice, wheat, and many vegetables. There are also many dairy and cattle farms that produce milk and beef for local use and to send overseas.

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