Spring Holidays
Follow Us: facebook facebook twitter you tube
Goa holiday package
GOA GEOGRAPHY Kerala Holiday Tour Packages
Goa holiday package

Goa occupies a narrow strip of the western indian coastline, approximately 105km long and 65km wide, with a total area of 3701 sq km. It shares state borders to the north and northeast with Maharashtra, and to the south and southeast with Karnataka. Administratively the state is divided up into two districts - north and south Goa - with the major towns in each being Panaji (formerly Panjim, the state capital) and Margao (formerly Madgaon) respectively.
Beyond this simple subdivision the state is further divided into 11 talukas: Pernem, Bi-cholir, Satari, Bardez, Tiswadi and Ponda lie in north Goa, while Mormugao, Salcete, Sanguem, Quepe and Canacona are in the south..

Geography of Goa can be divided into three distinct areas: the Western Ghats, the midland region and the coastal region. A major portion of Goa's landforms have basaltic outflows of the Deccan Lavas and having flat topped summit levels with terraced flanks and wide valleys with sides rising as a succes­sion of steps rather than smooth slopes. On the eastern side, the Sahyadrian scarp is steep perhaps due to a peculiar natural process which created the western flank of the Sahyadri as a whole.
In fact, the Geography of the basalts, in their detail is attributed to weathering and water erosion on a somewhat intense scale combined with impact of seasonal changes. As a result of this, residual hill features with rounded summits like the Chandranath Hill and smaller knolls are, often, noticeable in the mountain tracts of Goa Further, laterisation, due to tropical moist climate with seasonal changes brings out a significant feature of the Goan landscape. And, in both the high and low level plateaux of the Sahyadrian region, laterite caps are associated with iron and manganese deposits which, in turn, contribute to the economic development of Goa state Another important aspect is the alluvia via deposits along the course of Goan rivers on the coastal plains.

Western Ghats

In the east of the slate lie The foothills and some of the peaks of the Western Ghats, the mountain range that runs along the west coast of India, separating the Deccan Plateau from the low- lying coastal areas In Goa, the Western Ghats, made up locally of Ihe Sahyadri range. comprise ahout 600 sq km of the total area of the state. Some of the main peaks are Sonsagar (1166m), Catlanchimauli (1107m), Vaguerim (1067m) and Morlemchogor (lO.Vnn). All seven ol (ioa's main rivers (Ihe longest of which, the Mandovi, is only 77km in length) have their sources in Ihe Ghats.

Midland Region

Between the Ghats and the coast lies Goa's hinterland, a huge area mostly made up of laterite plateaus of between 30m and 100m in elevation. The laterite rock that comprises much of Goa is nearest to the surface on many of these plateaus, and since it is rich in both iron and manganese ores, the plateaus have become the scenes of large-scale open-cast mining. Spice, fruit and area nut plantations have become established in this region, par­ticularly in the lower areas where soil is richer. Making efficient use of the water sources available, the terraced orchards support coconut palms and fruits such as jack fruit, pineapples and mangoes.

Coastal Region

Goa's coastline is a scenic combi­nation of bays and headlands broken by large estuaries of the Mandovi and Zuari rivers, coupled with minor streams. Of the Bays, the Baga, Calang-ute, and Colva are long curved stretches of white beach sands and palm fringes which seem to be Goa's magnet, drawing tourist to this land of scenic beauty.

Goa's fine, long beaches have green patches of coconut plantations, grasses and scrubs which thrive on salty soil and lateritic bluffs. And, moving north to south, one could find some of Goa's more important promonitories such as the Tiracol, Chapora, Aquada, Caba, Marmugoa and Cape Ramas: this land­scape also has the ruins of centuries old structures, now in a state of dis­use. Dona Paola, at the southern end of the Cabo overlooks the estuary of the Zuari and provides a location of natural visual, beauty and offers ferry connections across the Zuari estuary's mouth mainly to the Marmugoa har­bour. The promonotory below which the Marmugoa Harbour has been built is a largish, extensive table-land where Goa airport is located

International Tour India Tour Packages Resources & Services