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The traditional dresses of Jammu and Kashmir are renowned for their embroidery and intricate designs that reflect the rich of the culture and landscape of the region. The form of clothing is designed primarily to counter the cold climate of the region.
Such cultural influences along with influences on tradition coupled with the climatic factors are mirrored in the traditional attire. Most of the garments are made of wool, cotton and silk designed with intricate embroideries. This long gown has a lot of beautiful embroidery work on it consisting of floral motifs.
fter the 'reform movement' of the thirties, the women of the state took to the sari. However, on the wedding day women would wear the Taranga ceremonially. It is covered with the end ‘palav’ of the bride's wedding sari.
In contrast to Hindu woman's Pheran, that imparts her Roman look, the Pheran of Muslim women are delightfully embroidered in front. Their headgear, the Kasaba, looks very different from the Taranga. It is red in color, tied like a turban and held tight by an abundance of silver pins and trinkets.
Over time, Kashmiri women have evolved in their dressing style. Despite modern forms of clothing becoming popular, the Pheran remains the much-loved traditional attire

Dress for Men

Men usually pair the Pheran with a churidar while the Muslim men choose to wear a Salwar beneath the Pherans. The Kangri is a vessel filled with hot coal and is placed within a container made of natural fibre. The Kangri is usually placed in the front, skillfully shrouded by the Pherans. It functions as an internal heating system in order to keep the wearer warm during the extreme cold winters.

The Pathani Suit, is especially popular in Srinagar among men and is also referred to as Khan-dress. Turbans are commonly worn by Muslim men. The clothing item for the head, the skull cap, is popular among the working class. Woolen Pashmina shawls are also worn with delicate and detailed work having been done on both sides of these shawls. In jewellery, the Pashmina belt and ‘Kamarbands’ are common accessories too.

Dress for Women

The Pherans are the prominent attire for Kashmiri women, as well. Traditionally, there are the Poots and the Pherans, which includes two robes placed on top of the other. The Pherans worn by women usually has Zari embroidery done on the hem line, around the pockets and mostly done around the collar area. The Pherans worn by Muslim women is traditionally characterized by their broad sleeves and reach up to the knees. However, the Hindus of Jammu and Kashmir wear their Pherans long, stretching up to their feet with the sleeves narrower. Females wear a headdress called the Taranga that is stitched to a suspended cap, and it narrows down at the back, towards the heels. Patterns in Brocade style can be found on their long sleeves.

The Pheran is usually worn alongside a red coloured head cloth known as the Kasaba. It is stitched like a turban and is pinned together by silver brooches and ornaments. A pin-scarf hanging from the Kasaba goes towards the shoulder. The Kasaba is worn by the women of the Muslim community as a regular attire, and the Abaya is another commonly worn dress among Muslim women. These costumes may vary to some extent for unmarried Muslim women.

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