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The state of Jammu and Kashmir is comprised of three regions, i.e., Kashmir valley, Jammu and Ladakh. While Jammu is known as the winter capital of the state, Srinagar is known as the summer capital. Each of the cities has its own distinct charm. The valley of Kashmir is celebrated for its gorgeous landscapes and high mountain ranges. Jammu has various religious shrines that attract hordes of Hindu pilgrim year after year- especially the Mata Vaishno Devi temple. Ladakh is notable for the Buddhist ethnicity and culture, and the isolated mountainous beauty.
It is nestled around the Himalaya Mountains. The state of Jammu and Kashmir shares its borders with Punjab and Himachal Pradesh on its south. Internationally, it shares a border with the People's Republic of China on its eastern and northern sides and with territories of Pakistan called Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir on its northern and western sides .

Best Time to Visit March to October
Airports Srinagar, Jammu and Leh
Clothing Spring and autumn - Light woolens
Summer Cotton
Winter Heavy woolens
Languages Kashmiri, Urdu, Hindi and English
Religions Islam and Hinduism
Currency Rupees
Literacy 66.70%
Neighbours State Himachal Pradesh, Punjab
State Animal Hangul
State Bird Black-Necked Crane
State Tree Chinar
State Flower Lotus
Major Festivals Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Zoha, Lohri, Baisakhi and Navratri
Major Fairs Jhiri Mela, Bahu Mela, Mansar Food and Craft Mela, Pumandal Mela and Chaitre Chaudash

Cuisine of Jammu and Kashmir

Rice is considered as a staple food of Jammu and Kashmir. People take abundance of vegetables when dining but the preferred dish is the karam sag or hak. In many regions, mutton is largely consumed whereas in several towns it is still considered as a reserved treat for festive occasions. Although Kashmiris are the inhabitants of a chilly country therefore they make utilize of invigorating drinks. The green tea is a traditional drink and it is made with almond and spices known as Kawa. This tea is generally consumed during the winterís months. Furthermore Kashmiri Pulao is a ordinary dish and its is eaten along with curd, spices and condiments.

Muslims refrain from curds and asafetida whereas Kashmiri Pandits desist from using garlic and onions in their meals. A sweet frailty that is Phirni is widely consumed by people of Jammu and Kashmir.

Music and Dance of Jammu and Kashmir

Sufiana Kalam is a kind of Music which is widely listens by people of Jammu and Kashmir. After the arrival of Islam, Iranian music has influenced a lot on Kashmir. Santoor is a musical instrument that is utilized in Kashmir. There are some other musical instruments used in Kashmir such as Dukra, Nagara and Sitar. Many Raagas of Kashmiri melodies are presented in form of Persian and they are such as Mukam/Nawa, Mukam Duga and Singha. A accepted folk music known as Rabab is also widely enjoyed in Kashmir. Jammu valley has a Dogra Pahari area and this region inhabits a well known artist known as Geetru. This artist basically performs at festival times like social festivals or rural weddings. A conventional dance known as Rouff is performed widely by the Kashmiri women. Additionaly Rouff is executed chiefly during Id and Ramzan

Arts and Crafts of Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir has very elegant and unique arts and crafts. Silk carpets, woven carpets, woolen shawls, rugs, kurtas and pottery are wonderfully embellished. Additionally in Jammu And Kashmir State the traditional and well designed boats can be seen and these are composed from wood. These boats are basically called as Shikaras. Thus, the tradition and culture of Jammu and Kashmir is a compound one. It inhabits a synthetic outline along with harmony in diversity.

Jammu & Kashmir
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